Thursday, October 31, 2013

English Tenses


English Tenses consist of:
Simple Present Tense
Simple Past Tense
Simple Future Tense



Present Continuous Tense
Past Continuous Tense
Future Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Future Perfect Continuous Tense


Past
Present
Future
Simple
I went to school yesterday
I did not go to school
Did I go to school?


To indicate pas habits or action that already completed. S + V2+ O
I go to school everyday
He/She goes to school
I don’t go to school
He/She doesn’t go to school
Do I go to school? – Does He go to school?

To express habits or general truth. S + V1+ O
I will go to school tomorrow

I will not go to school

Will I go to school?

To indicate action / condition in the future. S + WILL + V+ O
Continuous
I was going to school when you arrived
You/We were going to school
I was not going to school
Was I going to school?

To indicate uncompleted action of the past. S + was/were + (V+ing) + O
I am going to school now
He/She is going to school
They/We are going to school
I am not going to school
Am I going to school?

To indicate action that is happening at the time of speaking. S + am/is/are + (V+ing) + O
I will be going to school when you come
I will not be going to school when you come
Will I be going to school when you come?

To indicate what will be going on at some time in the future
to indicate planned future events. S + will be + (V+ing) + O
Perfect
I had gone to school
We had not gone to school
Had they gone to school?

To describe one action that happened before another action in the past. S + had + V3 + O
I have gone to school
He/She has gone to school
I have not gone to school
Have I gone to school?

Describe actions that occurred in the past but are still relevant to the present. S + have/has + V3 + O
I/We shall have gone to school by the time you arrive
You/We/They/He/She will have gone to school
I shall not have gone to school
Shall I have gone to school?

to explain an activity that will be completed by a certain time in the future. S + Shall/Will + had + V3 + O
Perfect Continuous
I had been going to school for 15 minutes when you arrived
I had not been going to school
Had I been going to school?

to describe an action that started in the past and and was still in progress when a second action started. S + had + (V+ing) + O

I have been going to school for 15 minutes
I have not been going to school
Have I been going to school?


to describe an event that started in the past but is still happening in the present. S + have/has + (V+ing) + O

I will have been going to school for 15 minutes  when you arrive
I will not have been going to school
Will I have been going to school?

to talk about an action that will already have started and will still be happening by a certain time in the future. S + will + have/has + (V+ing) + O


English Tenses

Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense used to express habits or general truth/facts. Usually use the words: everyday, always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc..
Example: I go to school everyday
vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
Past Present Future

Simple Past Tense

Simple Past Tense to indicate pas habits or action that already completed.
Example: She was a shy girl. I went to school yesterday.
vvvvv
Past Present Future

Simple Future Tense

To indicate promise or action / condition in the future.
Example: I will send you email. Manchester United will beat Liverpool.
                       v
Past Present Future

Present Continuous Tense

To indicate action that is happening at the time of speaking
Example: I am writing now.
   vvvvvvvvvvvv
Past Present Future

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1 comment:

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